Jerseys From China Ontario's 2009 Sale and Use Ban

BC Govt Promotes IPM

Ask about IPM."

BC Ministry of Environment
brochure and website.

No IPM - Cancer Society

cannot be considered
an appropriate part
a comprehensive ban
to eliminate
cosmetic pesticide use,
because IPM
uses pesticides."

Canadian Cancer Society
BC and Yukon
Nov 8, 2011 Presentation
to BC Legislative Cttee.
See Slide 11.

No IPM in Nova Scotia

IPM practices
are not included
in Nova Scotia's Dec 2010
pesticide regulations!
The regs establish
sale and use rules for
the Non-essential
Pesticides Control Act
passed in May 2010.

IPM companies 
must use the same
"allowable" products
as everyone else
on residential,
commercial, government
and institutional properties
effective April 1, 2011.

For the allowable 
pesticides list, click here.
For exceptions, click here.

For Nova Scotia Environment's 
2011 and 2012 ban info, 
click here.
For Healthy Lawns education info, click here.

No Ban Needed - CropLife

"We encourage
responsible use of pesticides
for all their uses including:

• urban green spaces,
including lawns and gardens
• agriculture/horticulture/
vegetation management
• structural pest control
• golf courses and
sports turf
• personal use
including insect repellents
and pool chemicals".

CropLife Canada's
Nov 7, 2011 Presentation
to Special Committee,
See Slide 5.

Ont Ban Coalition Groups

These 15 health and
environment groups
advocated for Ontario's
April 2009 ban:

Cdn Cancer Society - Ont Div
Cdn Environmental
  Law Assoc
Children’s Hosp of Eastern Ont
David Suzuki Foundation
Environmental Defence
Learning Disabilities
  Assoc of Cda
Ont College of Family Physicians
Ont Medical Assoc
  – Pediatric Div
Ont Public Health Assoc
Organic Landscape Alliance
Pesticide Free Ont
Prevent Cancer Now
Registered Nurses’
  Assoc of Ont

Are you affiliated
with any of these groups
through family? work?
health issues?

Find out how
your Ontario connection
was successful
and use the same approach
to help get BC's ban.

For why these groups
wanted an Ontario ban,
click here.

Source: Organic Landscape Alliance.

Ont Govt Listened

"We have listened
to medical experts
– like the Canadian Cancer
Society –
who have made
a convincing case
for reducing our exposure
to pesticides,
particularly children
who are generally
more susceptible
to the potential
toxic effects
of pesticides."

Ontario Ministry of the Environment Pesticide website.

Unnecessary Risk

"The government 
the use of pesticides 
to control weeds and insects 
for purely 
cosmetic reasons 
presents an 
unnecessary risk 
to our families and pets,
especially when 
we can have 
lawns and gardens 
without chemicals."

Ontario Ministry of the
Environment Pesticide website.

Ont Govt - Kids Are at Risk

"Using pesticides
on our lawns and gardens
is unnecessary
and harms our environment
along with the health of
our families and pets.

As kids grow, their small
bodies can be more sensitive
to the effects of pesticides.

And because they spend
a lot of time playing outdoors,
they have a greater chance
of coming into contact
with harmful pesticides.

That’s why Ontario
has banned
the use and sale of pesticides
for cosmetic purposes." 

Ontario Government
Going Pesticide Free website.

Ban Protects Vulnerable

"You can have
a healthy lawn and garden
the unnecessary risk
posed by using
conventional pesticides
for purely cosmetic reasons.

We are reducing
the risk
to our health
and to the environment,
and protecting
the most vulnerable
of our citizens, our children."

Ontario Minister
of the Environment
April 21, 2010
on first anniversary
of Ontario's ban.

Precautionary Fed Report

"The lack of
scientific certainty
should not
be allowed
to impede
effective action
to protect
human health
and the environment
against actual or
suspected harm
caused by pesticides."

Pesticides, Making the right choice for the Protection of Health and the Environment.
Parliamentary Standing Committee on Environment
and Sustainable Development. 
May 2000 Report.

Executive Summary. p. 3.

Print "Pesticide Free" Poster

Click on image
to print this poster.
Put it up in your

Together, let's make
BC pesticide free!

Help BC go Pesticide Free!

The Canadian Cancer Society
continues to lead BC's
health and environmental
groups' advocacy for a
province-wide ban.

See Coalition's Feb 3, 2012
ban statement.

Review ban legislation
given to BC's Environment
Minister in 2010.

Join the CCS's "Pesticide Free
BC" Facebook discussions.

Take action! to help BC
go pesticide free.
Ontario's 2009 Sale and Use Ban

Ontario became Canada's second province to ban the sale and use of cosmetic pesticides with passage of the Cosmetic Pesticides Ban Act in June 2008 and implementation of April 22, 2009 regulations.

Ontario's cosmetic pesticide ban set a new Canadian standard on how Government can protect citizens and the environment from the unnecessary risk of harmful pesticide exposure.

The success of Ontario's ban is already measurable!

As many toxic products are no longer for sale (and not being used), there has been a corresponding dramatic decrease in three toxic pesticide concentrations in urban streams . . . of 2,4-D, Dicamba and MCPP.

Also, implementing the ban has not been as expensive for municipal turf operations as expected. 

See right sidebars . . . "Ontario's Healthier in 2012", "First Anniversary Success!", "Banned Streams Safer" and "Ont Turf is Less Costly".

BCers need to know there are two important differences between Ontario's ban experience and BC's situation . . . 

  • First difference . . . BC's Premier Clark and past Minister of Environment are on record that they support a ban but, since the May 2012 Legislative Committee "no ban" recommendation, they have backpeddled on their ban commitment.

    See "No Ban for BC" top right sidebar. 

    In sharp contrast, the Ontario Liberal Government quickly followed through on a very public Sept 2007 election commitment. 

    Three months was all the time it took for the Ontario Government to consult and decide.

    In January 2008, Ontarians were asked to comment on a pesticide use ban and in April 2008 the Government announced it would ban the sale and use of cosmetic pesticides in the spring of 2009.

    Similarly, after Nova Scotia's two month public consultation closed March 7, 2010, the Government needed only two months to pass the Non-essential Pesticides Control Act on May 11, 2010 and seven months later, passed sale and use regulations in December 2010. 

In Nova Scotia, IPM companies must use the same "allowable" products as everyone else as set out in the December 2010 regulations. 

See left sidebars . . . "BC Govt Promotes IPM", "No IPM - Cancer Society" and "No IPM in Nova Scotia."

Here's more on Ontario's consultation process . . .

2007 Ont Liberal Election Promise
In the fall 2007 election campaign, the Liberal McGuinty Government promised to pass a cosmetic pesticide use ban.

This was publicly announced in the Liberal Party's Sept 24, 2007 News Release and Backgrounder.

On April 22, 2008 the Government introduced Bill 64"An Act to amend the Pesticides Act to prohibit the use and sale of pesticides that may be used for cosmetic purposes."

Two months later the bill passed and received Royal Assent on June 18, 2008.

Regulation 63/09 became law 10 months later on Earth Day April 22, 2009.


Highlights of Ontario's precautionary ban include . . .

  • IPM is not a significant part of the ban as IPM is considered a volunteer, industry-driven practice. 
For the first time, under the ban, Ontario has IPM rules but only for limited, exempted use. 
  • Pesticides cannot be used for cosmetic purposes on lawns, vegetable and ornamental gardens, patios, driveways, cemeteries, and in parks and school yards.
There are no exceptions for pest infestations from insects, fungi or weeds. Safer, lower risk pesticides and other alternatives must be used.
  • More than 250 pesticide products cannot be sold and over 95 ingredients cannot be used.
These restrictions include Weedout and Killex herbicides, Later’s outdoor insecticides and Weed N Feed herbicide/fertilizer mixtures of 2,4-D, Dicamba and MCPP.
  • Pesticides with the active ingredients Glyphosate and Glufosinate (in Roundup and Wipeout herbicides) are generally prohibited but can be used for plants that are poisonous to touch (poison ivy).
  • The provincial ban overrides local pesticide bylaws and creates one set of rules across Ontario.
Ban Limitations include . . .
Ontario's ban is considered to be a comprehensive and effective law, with some limitations:
  • The provincial legislation overrides local bylaws.

    Existing bylaws are no longer valid. Local governments cannot pass bylaws with stricter rules.

    Quebec’s Pesticide Code allows for stricter local laws to further restrict pesticide use. Quebec's bylaws can include golf courses.
  • Allowing Glyphosate (RoundUp) and Glufosinate for use on poisonous plants with no third-party verification of exempted use means these products can continue to be used for cosmetic purposes.
  • Licenced landscaping companies must post warning signs but signs are not required for residential use.

Ban Supporters
Many groups supported Ontario's ban, from medical experts, grass roots community and environmental groups to the organic landscaping industry and retail suppliers. 

Supporters included . . . 
  • medical experts - Canadian Physicians for the Environment (CAPE), Canadian Cancer Society - Ontario Division, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO), City of Toronto's Medical Health Officer, Ontario College of Family Physicians, Ontario Public Health, Registered Nurses' Assoc of Ontario.
  • environmental & health groups - Canadian Environmental Law Assoc, the David Suzuki Foundation, Environmental Defence, Pesticide Free Ontario, Prevent Cancer Now.
  • landscaping industry - Communities in Bloom, Landscape Ontario and the Organic Landscape Alliance.
  • retail stores  and suppliers - Canadian Tire, Home Depot, Rona, Wal-Mart.
The Government's April 22, 2008 Backgrounder announcing the proposed legislation quotes 15 supporters.
See right sidebars for some of Ontario's ban supporters.

The coalition of 15 health and environmental groups that advocated for an Ontario ban are listed in the "Ont Ban Coalition Groups" left sidebar.

Ontario Government Listened
The Ontario Government "got it" and listened to medical experts . . .

The Government publicly acknowledged it was convinced by the Canadian Cancer Society - Ontario Division that children need to be protected from pesticide exposure.

The Government believes that the use of cosmetic pesticides "presents an unnecessary risk to our families and pets, especially when we can have healthier lawns and gardens without chemicals." 

See left sidebars . . . "Ont Govt Listened - in 2007", "Unnecessary Risk" and "Ont Govt - Kids are at Risk".

The Ontario Government listened and went beyond the Liberal Party's Sept 2007 election promise as  the ban . . .  
  • Includes urban and rural centres (not only urban areas as originally announced);
  • Includes the sale and use of pesticides (not only use as originally announced); and
  • Was implemented within a year of introduction of draft legislation (not phased-in over 3 years as originally announced).
Ontario Government did NOT Listen
The Government did not listen to those who wanted golf courses and turf facilities included in the ban, or those who wanted more restrictive local bylaws to remain effective.

Public Consultation
Ontario's 1993 Environmental Bill of Rights (EBR) provides citizens with the "right to know" about government actions effecting the environment.

Public consultation was done by Ministry of Environment staff through three online Environmental Registry notices:
  • Jan 18, 2008 policy intent notice   EBR Registry Number 010-2248

    This 30 day comment period was on the Government's proposed ban (the scope of Bill 64, exemptions, restrictions, timing and phasing of legislation).
  • April 22, 2008 legislation proposal notice   EBR Registry Number 010 - 3348

    This 34 day comment period was on the proposed sale and use ban (the draft legislation and list of allowed pesticides).
  • Nov 7, 2008 regulation proposal notice   EBR Registry Number 010 - 5080

    This 45 day comment period was on the draft regulation that would implement the ban (eleven proposed classes, proposed notices and warning signs).
A stunning 15,101 comments were received through this consultation process. (One hundred responses per comment period is "normal").

In addition to seeking comments through the online Environmental Registry process, Ministry of Environment staff held 26 meetings to clarify the proposed legiation and regulations.

These meetings included a broad range of stakeholders across environmental, health, agricultural, golf, turf, retail, manufacturing and production, and municipal sectors.

Three stakeholder info sessions were held by Ministry staff in Toronto during the Nov 2008 consultation period to explain the proposed regulation and to answer technical and sector-specific questions. More than 130 representatives attended these sessions.

Citizens (and other stakeholders) used direct contact with their Premier and MLAs to discuss Ontario's proposed ban . . . through letters, emails, phone calls and personal meetings.

For an assessment of Ontario's consultation process, see the Environmental Commissioner of Ontario's 2008/2009 Annual Report Supplement pp. 46 - 60.

"Pesticide Free" Online Info
The Ontario Government and Ministry of Environment staff must be commended for the excellent online info that was posted during the public consultation process.

Considerable effort was made to explain the ban and to include all stakeholders in the development of the new rules.

Online info explains the rules to 16 stakeholder sectors.

This helpful info covers commercial operators (lawn care, landscapers and licensed exterminators), homeowners and gardeners, manufacturers, parks and sports fields, retailers, schools and specialty turf facilities.

Regulation 63/09
This Regulation sets out the rules for Ontario's sale and use ban.

This includes pesticide classifications and exceptions for continued use. These two important provisions are summarized below . . .
Pesticide Classifications
Eleven pesticide classes were established and identify what products and/or ingredients are allowed and those that are not:
  • Class 1: Manufacturing concentrates used to make a pesticide product.
  • Classes 2, 3 and 4: Commercial or restricted pesticides that farmers and licensed exterminators can continue to use for non-banned uses. If the pesticide contains a Class 9 pesticide, it may only be used for an exception to the ban (e.g. agriculture, forestry, golf courses).
  • Classes 5 and 6: Acceptable biopesticides and lower risk pesticides can be used for residential cosmetic pest control.
  • Class 7: Dual-use pesticides (for indoor/outdoor uses) but only for non-cosmetic use. Can be used indoors to kill pests or outdoors for public health or safety reasons, but cannot be used outdoors to kill weeds. Retailers must have information to notify purchasers of use restrictions. 

    On April 22, 2011, these dual-use products had to be removed from accessible store shelves to more restricted display with employee-only accessiblity (same approach used with cigarettes).
  • Class 8: Banned weed and insect control products, including 2,4-D herbicide/fertilizer combination products.
  • Class 9: List of ingredients banned for cosmetic use. Commercial or restricted products containing these ingredients may still be used by farmers or licensed exterminators by exception.
  • Class 10: List of ingredients for poisonous control. May be used to control plants that are poisonous to touch under public health or safety exception.
  • Class 11: List of biopesticides or lower risk pesticides ingredients. There is no signage requirement for homeowners when using Class 11 pesticides to control weeds and other pests on lawns, gardens, driveways and other areas around the home. If licensed exterminators use these products, a green notice sign must be put on the lawn.

Exceptions that allow continued pesticide use include . . . 

  • Arboriculture: Licensed exterminators can continue use to protect the health of trees.
  • Golf courses: Are not required to reduce, or phase out, cosmetic pesticides. They must become IPM accredited.
  • Natural resources: With Ministry of Natural Resources approval, for invasive species that may be detrimental to health, the environment or the economy, or to protect a native plant, animal or a rare ecosystem.
  • Public health or safety: Includes plants that are poisonous to touch (poison ivy) and insects that bite, sting (wasp nests), are venomous or disease carrying (mosquitoes and West Nile Disease). Also includes animals, insects or plants that may cause structural damage (termites).
  • Specified Sports fields: For national or international level sports competitions. Once event concludes, pesticide use must end. Areas around the sports fields not excepted.
  • Specialty turf: For lawn bowling, cricket, lawn tennis and croquet turf facilities, if certain conditions met, including IPM.

For more info . . .

  • For a comparative analysis of Ontario's ban and five other provincial approaches, see Pesticide Free? Qui! May 2011 report.

  • For why BC needs a strong "no IPM" ban (like Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec) and why this won't happen under the BC Liberals, click here.
Last Updated on Thursday, 12 September 2013 13:30

Tell Premier Clark she needs to honour her 2011 pesticide ban commitment.

Call the Premier's office at 250 387 1715 or email This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Together, let's make BC pesticide free.


No Ban for BC

"The majority
of the committee
does not think
the scientific evidence,
at this time,
an outright ban."

Don't ban cosmetic pesticides, B.C. MLAs recommend
May 17 2012
CBC News Post.

See Special Committee
on Cosmetic Pesticides
May 17, 2012 News Release
and Report.

See Clark Government's
February 20, 2013
minor legislative changes
for mandatory IPM
on residential lawns
. . . the only action
taken by the Liberals.

The sale and use of
cosmetic pesticides
will not be banned in BC.

Ontario's Healthier in 2012

"Ontario’s lawns, gardens,
school yards and parks
are a lot healthier
since the province’s
cosmetic pesticides ban
came into effect
on Earth Day,
April 22, 2009.

The McGuinty government
believes the use of pesticides
to control
weeds and insects
for purely cosmetic reasons
an unnecessary risk
to our families and pets,
especially when we can
have healthier lawns
and gardens
without chemicals."

Ontario Ministry of the
Environment Pesticide website.

First Anniversary Success!

"The ban on cosmetic pesticides
is part of the McGuinty
government's commitment
to protect children
and families
from pollution and
toxic chemicals
through tough
new environmental laws.

Over the past year, Ontarians
have also been doing their part
by using healthier
products and services,
and reducing
the use of pesticides
around their homes,
parks and playgrounds."

Ontario Government
April 21, 2010 News Release.

"Banned" Streams Safer

The Ontario
Ministry of Environment's
2010 study on
lawn pesticides
in urban streams and creeks
found an impressive
80% decrease
in three of the
most commonly used
lawn pesticides 
(2, 4-D, Dicamba and MCPP)
after the Province's
2009 ban.

Glyphosate concentrations
did not change
due to availability and use.

For Ministry of Environment
study info, click here.

Ont Turf is Less Costly

"While there were
incremental costs in 
some specific areas,
impacts were
not as severe
as they might have been."

Ont Ban Impact on 
Municipal Turf Operations, 
Summer 2010

Communities in Bloom

“We’re delighted to be
involved in helping Ontarians
achieve a pesticide-free

Communities in Bloom
is dedicated
to promoting green spaces,
especially in urban settings,
and we’re proud that
our efforts are helping
the environment.”

Lee Rozon, Executive Director
Communities in Bloom – Ontario

Ontario Government
April 22, 2008
Ban Announcement.

Home Depot Support

"We are going
above and beyond
government regulations
by working with our suppliers
to develop
pesticide alternatives that are
environmentally friendly
and produce excellent results
on lawns and gardens. 

We currently have
over 50 natural lawn and
garden care solutions in-stock."

Annette Verschuren
President,  The Home Depot Canada and Asia.

Ontario Government
April 22, 2008
Ban Announcement.

Vulnerable Kids - OCFP

"The Ontario College
of Family Physicians
solidly supports
a province-wide ban on the
use of cosmetic pesticides.

Our research demonstrates
the many health effects
associated with pesticides.

On behalf of our most
vulnerable patients,
the children of this province,
we are pleased to hear that government has moved
so quickly to develop
this important legislation."

Jan Kasperski, CEO
Ont College of Family Physicians

Ontario Government
April 22, 2008
Ban Announcement.

Nurses Support Ont Kids

“Ontario children will be
better off
thanks to this legislation.

We’re also delighted
that the government
is moving quickly
to implement these laws.”

Doris Grinspun, Ex Director
Registered Nurses’ Ass of Ont

Ontario Government
April 22, 2008
Ban Announcement.

Public Health Support

“The Ontario Public Health
Association is pleased to see
a ban on the
use and sale of pesticides
for cosmetic purposes. 

This enabling legislation
is another positive step
the McGuinty government
is taking to protect 
the health of our children 
and our environment.”

Connie Uetrecht, Ex Director
Ontario Public Health Association

Ontario Government
April 22, 2008
Ban Announcement.

Sustainable Ontario

"The Organic Landscape Alliance
is pleased that
all Ontarians
will be now be protected
by legislation
that was previously
only protecting those 
in select municipalities.

OLA looks forward
to strong regulations and
an effective
education program
that will empower Ontarians 
to create healthy
and sustainable landscapes
with truly
organic products."

Mark MacKenzie, President
Organic Landscape Alliance

Ontario Government
April 22, 2008
Ban Announcement

Pesticide Free Ontario

“Pesticide Free Ontario
is delighted with 
the swift and decisive action
Premier McGuinty’s
government is taking
to protect
public health
and our environment,
by introducing legislation
to ban
the sale and use
of lawn and garden

Sari Merson
Pesticide Free Ontario

Ontario Government
April 22, 2008
Ban Announcement.

Reduce Exposure Warning

"The Ontario College
of Family Physicians (OCFP)
is strongly recommending
the public reduce
their exposure to pesticides
wherever possible".

"Ontario Family Physicians
Warn of Pesticide Dangers
CNW Newswire
June 19, 2012.

For OCFP executive summary
and report, click here.