Jerseys From China BC's IPM Act and Provincial Bans

Ont Govt Listened

"We have listened
to medical experts
– like the Canadian
Cancer Society –
who have made
a convincing case
for reducing
our exposure
to pesticides,
particularly children
who are generally
more susceptible
to the potential
toxic effects
of pesticides."

Ontario Ministry of the
Environment Pesticide website.

Support for Manitoba Ban

"Pesticides used on
lawns and gardens pose
needless dangers to
people, pets and
the environment.

A precautionary approach
is appropriate
and necessary.

This is why municipalities
across the country
and six other
have already banned
the use of
non-essential pesticides
on lawns, gardens
and public parks . . .

Doomsday predictions
of invading weeds
simply have not
played out."

June 28, 2012 Letter from
Manitoba health
and environmental groups
to Minister Gord Mackintosh.

Quebec’s 2003 Code

Quebec was the
first province
to ban the sale
and use of 20 active
carcinogenic ingredients
and over
200 pesticide products
containing these
known carcinogens
. . . like Killex, Roundup 
Weed N Feed products
with 2, 4–D, Dicamba
and MCPP.

The April 3, 2003
Pesticide Management Code
was phased in
over 3 years
and established
“an environmental
aimed at better
of health risks
by these products,
to children
and the environment."

For Code info, click here.

For an assessment
of the Code and
needed improvements,
see Pesticide Free? Oui!
May 2011, page 7.

Ont "Banned" Streams Safer

The Ontario
Ministry of Environment's
2010 study on 
lawn pesticides
urban streams and creeks
found an impressive
80% decrease
in three of the
most commonly used
lawn pesticides 
(2, 4-D, Dicamba and MCPP)
just one year
after the Province's
2009 ban.

Glyphosate concentrations
did not change
due to availability and use.

For Ministry of Environment's
study info, click here.

2012 Ban in Nfld & Labrador

"The following pesticides
will no longer
be permitted for
application on lawns
in the province:

2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid),
dicamba, and
MCPA (2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid)."

Minister of Environment
and Conservation
Newfoundland and Labrador

July 14, 2011 News Release
announcing 2012
sale and use ban of
five pesticide ingredients.

BC Needs Ban

" . . . the David Suzuki Foundation
strongly supports
a comprehensive ban
on cosmetic pesticides
in B.C.

Chemicals used to improve
the appearance
of lawns and gardens
pose unnecessary
health and environmental hazards.

We live in a world
of multiple exposures
to toxic chemicals,
it only makes sense
to eliminate
unnecessary sources
like cosmetic pesticides.

Safer alternatives
are increasingly

David Suzuki Foundation
Nov 8, 2011 Presentation
to BC Legislative Cttee.
See Hansard, after line 1110.

Print "Pesticide Free" Poster

Click on image
to print this poster.
Put it up in your

Together, let's make
BC pesticide free!

Help BC go Pesticide Free!

The Canadian Cancer Society
continues to lead BC's
health and environmental
groups' advocacy for a
province-wide ban.

See Coalition's Feb 3, 2012
ban statement.

Review ban legislation
given to BC's Environment
Minister in 2010.

Join the CCS's "Pesticide Free
BC" Facebook discussions.

Take action! to help BC
go pesticide free.
BC's IPM Act and Provincial Bans
For info on the BC Ministry of Environment (MOE)’s promotion of Integrated Pest Management (IPM), why IPM is not "pesticide free",  the seven provincial approaches to non-essential pesticide use and which approach the BC Government should follow (and is not), read on . . .

BC is Canada's IPM Leader

All provinces and territories regulate how pesticides are sold, used and handled.

In BC, the sale, use and handling of pesticides are regulated by the MOE’s IPM Act 2003 and Regulation 604/2004.

BC was the first government in North America to pass IPM legislation in 2003 and actively "promotes an IPM approach to managing pests".

See right sidebar "BC Govt Promotes IPM".

MOE's brochure says that IPM is "Safe. Effective. Responsible." and that:
"IPM is a practical decision-making process that relies on a wide variety of tools to promote healthy plants and to manage pests.

It is an effective, science-based approach that reduces the unnecessary spraying of pesticides around your home."
BCers need to be aware that the BC's Government promotion of IPM (aka "Increased Pesticide Misuse") is shared with the powerful chemical landscaping industry.

Like MOE, this industry also strongly advocates for the continued use of Health Canada's approved products as part of normal lawn and garden care in BC . . . continued use of harmful killers, like 2,4-D, Dicamba, and MCPP, all known carcinogens, neurotoxins and hormone disruptors.

See MOE and chemical landscaping industry presentations to BC's Special Committee on Cosmetic Pesticides.

Also see right sidebar "No Ban Needed - CropLife".

IPM is not OK - Canadian Cancer Society
The Canada Cancer Society, BC and Yukon Division is very clear that IPM is not the right approach for our landscaping needs and must not be in BC's ban legislation.

The Cancer Society told the Special Committee on Cosmetic Pesticides in November 2011, IPM should not be part of BC's ban legislation because:
  • "IPM sounds reasonable, but in practice does not work as its principles are vague and open to interpretation.
  • IPM cannot be considered an appropriate part of a comprehensive ban to eliminate cosmetic pesticide use, because IPM still uses pesticides.
  • IPM does not eliminate cosmetic pesticide use, nor does it offer optimal health protection.
  • Studies show that where IPM programs are in place, pesticide use actually increases."
Source: Special Committee on Cosmetic Pesticides November 8, 2011: Presentation (See slide 11) Transcript
See "No IPM - Cancer Society" right sidebar.

Seven Provinces Reject Health Canada
Seven provinces have banned the sale and use of pesticides approved by Health Canada because of concerns about risk to human health and the environment:
  1. Alberta - 2010 Weed and Feed “Ban”
  2. New Brunswick – 2009 Residential Lawn 2,4-D “Ban”
  3. Newfoundland & Labrador – 2012 Residential Lawn “Ban”
  4. Nova Scotia – 2011 Precautionary Lawn and Ornamental Garden Ban
  5. Ontario – 2009 Comprehensive Precautionary Ban
  6. Prince Edward Island (PEI) - 2010 Residential Lawn 2,4-D “Ban”
  7. Quebec - 2003 Precautionary Ban, a Canadian first!

All seven provinces prohibit the sale and use of some form of 2,4-D . . . the one ingredient BCers were assured in May 2012 by the Chair of BC's Special Legislative Committee is OK to use!

2,4-D is the ingredient that Health Canada’s Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) decided in its’ July 2013 Re-evaluation Update can continue to be used in Canada.

Who does Health Canada protect . . . the health of Canadians or the powerful chemical industry?

A Parliamentary Committee asked this question in 2000 (that's 13 years ago!) . . . see right sidebar "PMRA's Conflict of Interest".

Effective Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec Bans . . . for BC!

Quebec was the first province to restrict the sale and use of products approved by Health Canada in April 2003.

Quebec courageously rejected the powerful lobby of the chemical landscaping industry, led by CropLife. 

The Pesticide Management Code was fully implemented in 2006 and is being updating, particularly the list of banned pesticides.

See "Quebec's 2003 Code" left sidebar.

Ontario's progressive and comprehensive Cosmetic Pesticides Ban Act became effective April 22, 2009.

See left sidebars . . . "Ont Govt Listened - in 2007" and "Ont 'Banned' Streams safer". 

For details on Ontario's ban, click here

Nova Scotia's Non-essential Cosmetic Pesticides Control Act became effective for lawns April 1, 2011 and extended to trees, shrubs and ornamental flowers on April 1, 2012.

IPM companies must use the same "allowable" products as everyone else as IPM is not part of Nova Scotia's ban. 

See "No IPM in Nova Scotia" left sidebar.

BC needs to follow these comprehensive and precautionary approaches because . . .
  • The bans are NOT based on IPM principles.

    The three Governments focus on lower risk products and sustainable land care practices that do not require IPM.

    IPM is the self-serving approach advocated by the powerful chemical landscaping industry and promoted by BC's Ministry of Environment (MOE).

    IPM is not the only way to approach pest management and this mindset must be “unlearned” by BC’s chemical landscaping industry and their supporters, including the turf industry and our MOE.
  • All three provinces have banned numerous pesticide products that contain ingredients that are known carcinogens, hormone disruptors and neurotoxins.

    Although Health Canada has approved these products, these Governments decided that traditional, highly toxic pesticides are NOT necessary for beautiful, healthy, disease - resistant landscapes.

  • All three governments provide stakeholder information and education programs on how sustainable “pesticide free” landscaping practices do not need traditional pesticides.
These three provinces have exemptions that can be better controlled or eliminated so there is room for BC to have the best ban legislation in Canada!

Weak IPM "Bans" in New Brunswick and PEI . . . not for BC!
New Brunswick and PEI's weak "bans" allow continued pesticide use through IPM practices.

New Brunswick's June 2009 IPM law banned the use of 2,4-D lawn pesticides and over-the-counter sales of 200 broadcast and spray pesticides.

However, many ready-to-use products continue to be sold and lawn care companies can continue to use pesticides through "spot" applications by IPM applicators.

New Brunswick's "ban" also allows continued pesticide use on school yards, play grounds, golf courses and other "green" areas! See right sidebar "New Brunswick's IPM 'Ban' ".

PEI's Dec 2009 "ban" mirrors New Brunswick's and became effective April 1, 2010.  

BC must not follow New Brunswick or PEI because . . .
  • These "bans" are not comprehensive, nor precautionary as only one ingredient (2,4-D) is banned.

  • Cosmetic pesticide use continues under IPM, including on school yards, sports fields and playgrounds.

  • Many exemptions that allow continued use do NOT protect  vulnerable children, pets, drinking water, fisheries or any other living thing.

Alberta's 2010 limited Weed N Feed/2,4-D Ban . . . not for BC!
Since 2004, pesticide residue has been known to be contaminating Alberta's treated drinking water.

On Jan 1, 2010, Alberta  banned the sale of fertilizer/herbicide products (aka "Weed N Feed") because the over-application of 2,4-D is contaminating Alberta's surface and groundwater resources. 

Alberta's approach is very limited as it only covers Weed N Feed products and allows continued 2,4-D spot applications. There are no plans for a comprehensive ban like Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec.

Newfoundland and Labrador's "First Steps" 2012 Ban . . . not for BC!
In July 2011 this Province announced a sale and use ban of 5 very toxic pesticide ingredients in cosmetic lawn care products . . . a good "first step".

See "2012 Ban in Nfld & Labrador" left sidebar.

BC must also not follow Newfoundland and Labrador's limited example because . . .

  • The "ban" only is for use on residential lawns.

  • The "ban" is for only 5 ingredients, although they are significant toxins in products approved by Health Canada.
For more on provincial ban strengths and weaknesses, see David Suzuki Foundation and Equitere's Pesticide Free? Qui! 2011.

Manitoba Ban Legislation Next Year!

In 2011, Manitoba's Round Table for Sustainable Development recommended a "full" provincial ban, citing the precautionary principle:


"There is extensive evidence on the serious negative health and environmental impacts from the use of cosmetic pesticides. Therefore, some dissenting views and a lack of full consensus on scientific evidence should not prevent action against the use of cosmetic pesticides."

Source: Round Table for Sustainable Development Background Paper April 2011, page 3.

The Ministry of Conservation and Water Stewardship held a four month public consultation in 2012. See Play It Safe A Consultation on Cosmetic Lawn Pesticides.

In June 2013, the Minister announced that, by December 2014, Manitoba will have legislation banning the sale and use of cosmetic pesticides (with one year phase in for homeowners). The Government also wants to reduce indoor pesticide exposures in educational and child care facilities.

See lower right siderbar "It's what's in the spray".

Manitoba will have ban legislation before BC!

 For more info on . . .

  • Why BC won't get a ban under the Liberal Government and what should be in BC's ban, click here
  • Why Health Canada does not protect the health of any Canadian, click here.
  • Industry opposition to pesticide rules, except those that allow continued IPM use, click here.
  • Why cosmetic pesticides cannot be safely used, click here.
  • For the more than 100 groups, organizations, local governments and school districts that have Pesticide Free initiatives throughout BC, click here.
  • To get your lawn and garden off traditional, highly toxic pesticides by using lower risk products and sustainable land care practices, click here.

  • To continue advocating for strong ban legislation in BC, click here.
Last Updated on Wednesday, 18 September 2013 14:23

Tell Premier Clark she needs to honour her 2011 pesticide ban commitment.

Call the Premier's office at 250 387 1715 or email This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Together, let's make BC pesticide free.



No Ban for BC

"The majority
of the committee
does not think
the scientific evidence,
at this time,
an outright ban."

Don't ban cosmetic pesticides, B.C. MLAs recommend
May 17 2012
CBC News Post.

See Special Committee
on Cosmetic Pesticides
May 17, 2012 News Release
and Report.

See Clark Government's
February 20, 2013
minor legislative changes
for mandatory IPM
on residential lawns
. . . the only action
taken by the Liberals.

The sale and use of
cosmetic pesticides
will not be banned in BC.

BC Govt Promotes IPM

Ask about IPM."

BC Ministry of Environment
brochure and website.

Also see Ministry's
Aug 22, 2011 presentation
to Special Committee
on Cosmetic Pesticides
and Hansard record
of supplemental
Jan 25, 2012 presentation.

No Ban Needed - CropLife

"We encourage responsible
use of pesticides
for all their uses including:

• urban green spaces,
lawns and gardens
• agriculture/horticulture/
vegetation management
• structural pest control
• golf courses and
recreational sports turf
• personal use
including insect repellents
and pool chemicals".

CropLife Canada's
Nov 7, 2011 Presentation
to BC Legislative Committee,
See Slide 5.

PMRA's Conflict of Interest

" . . we asked ourselves
whether it is possible
for one agency,
the Pest Management
Regulatory Agency (PMRA),
to perform
two virtually conflicting tasks,
namely that of approving
chemical pesticides
as requested by industry
while at the same time
regulating them in order
to protect human health."

Pesticides, Making the right choice for the Protection of Health and the Environment

See Chair's Preface to Report.

Parliamentary Standing Cttee
on Environment and
Sustainable Development. 
May 2000 Report.  

No IPM - Cancer Society

"IPM cannot be considered
an appropriate part
of a comprehensive ban
to eliminate
cosmetic pesticide use,
because IPM
still uses pesticides."

Canadian Cancer Society
BC and Yukon
Nov 8, 2011 Presentation
to BC Legislative Cttee.
See Slide 11.

No IPM in Nova Scotia

IPM practices are
not included
Nova Scotia's Dec 2010
pesticide regulations.  

Since April 2011,
IPM lawn care companies 
in Nova Scotia
must use the same 
"allowable" products 
as everyone else 
residential, commercial, 
government and
institutional properties.

For the allowable 
pesticides list, click here.

For exceptions, click here.

For Nova Scotia Environment's
2011 and 2012 ban info,
click here

For "Healthy Lawns"
education info, click here.

Ont Ban Reduces Risk

"You can have
a healthy lawn and garden
the unnecessary risk
posed by using
conventional pesticides
for purely cosmetic reasons.

We are reducing
the risk to our health
and to the environment,
and protecting
the most vulnerable
of our citizens, our children."

Minister of the Environment
April 21, 2010 News Release 
on first anniversary
of Ontario's ban.

IEPMA Opposes Bans

"The IEPMA has decided
to develop a
proactive program
and business plan
with the express purpose
of opposing
the anti-pesticide activists
and the bans
they have been

John Holland & Jacquie Doherty
Integrated Environmental Plant Management
Assoc of Western Canada.

New Brunswick's IPM "Ban"

In Dec 2009,
the Dept of Environment
the sale and use
of 200 over-the-counter
lawn care
pesticide products
and use of 2,4-D products
on residential lawns.

In Feb 2010,
IPM became mandatory
for lawn care services
commercial grade pesticides.

BC does NOT
want a "ban"
that allows IPM,
exempts school yards,
parks, hospital grounds
and golf courses,
and bans 2,4-D
ONLY on residential lawns.

For more on this "ban",
click here

It's what's in the spray

" 'It's not about to spray
or not to spray - -
it's what's in the spray.'

Only Health Canada approved
bio-agents will be allowed
for sale or use."

Pesticide Ban coming in 2015
Winnipeg Sun
June 28, 2013 article.