2,4-D Bans

2,4-D is banned in
Denmark, Norway & Sweden.

Newfoundland & Labrador
Nova Scotia, Ontario
and Quebec
have banned 2,4-D.

New Brunswick and PEI
have banned
some 2,4-D products.

Alberta has banned the sale of herbicide/fertilizer products containing 2,4-D.
 
When will 2,4-D be banned
in Canada?  in BC?

2003 Roundup Ban

In Sept 2003,
Denmark was the first
country to ban
spraying glyphosate,
the active ingredient
in Monsanto's
Roundup herbicide.

According to the Denmark
and Greenland Geological
Research Institute:

“The chemical has,
against all expectations,
been sieving down
through the soil
and polluting
the groundwater
at a rate five times
more than
the allowed level
for drinking water.”
 
“When we spray glyphosate
on the fields
by the rules,
it has been shown that
it is washed down into
the upper ground water
with a concentration of
0.54 micrograms per litre.
 
This is very surprising,
because we had
previously believed
that bacteria
in the soil
broke down
the glyphosate
before it reached
the groundwater.”

Third World Network's Biosafety Information Service
September 16, 2003.

When will Health Canada
decide on acceptable
glyphosate residue limits?

Your Pets are at Risk

Our pets are particularly vulnerable to pesticides.

Like children, they are often
in direct contact
with treated lawns.

Pets cannot read “stay off” warning signs as they roam
our neighbourhoods!

Pesticide residue
is absorbed directly
through a pet's skin
and can be ingested
from play items
(like a ball rolling across
a recently sprayed lawn).

Residue can
also be ingested when
pets groom themselves.

Does your vet know
that dogs from treated lawns
have higher cancer rates
than those from
"Pesticide Free" lawns?

American vets can report pesticide poisoning on their Medical Association’s website.
When will BC have
this requirement? Canada?

For more on pets
and pesticides,
see SPCA website
and
SPEC website.

Amphibians/Risky RoundUp

"As one reflects
over the past decade,
it becomes clear
that
our understanding
of the possible effects
of
glyphosate-based
herbicides
on amphibians
has moved
from a position
of knowing very little
and assuming
no harm
to a position
of more precise
understanding
of which concentrations
and conditions
pose a serious risk".

"Amphibians Are Not
Ready for RoundUp
"

Relyea, R. A. 2011.
Pages 267-300 in J. Elliott,
C. Bishop, and C. Morrisey, eds.
Wildlife Ecotoxicology
- Forensic Approaches.

Also see Relyea's article in
Ecological Applications 2012.

Frog Decline from Pesticides

"The demonstrated toxicity
is alarming and
a large-scale
negative effect
of terrestrial
pesticide exposure
on amphibian populations
seems likely.

Terrestrial pesticide
exposure might be
underestimated
as a driver
of their decline
calling for more attention
in conservation efforts
and the
risk assessment procedures
in place
do not protect
this vanishing animal group".

Terrestrial pesticide
exposure of amphibians:
An underestimated cause of global decline?


Scientific Reports 3, Article Number:1135
Published Jan 24, 2013.

Also see The Guardian's
Jan 24, 2013 article
"Common pesticides
'can kill frogs
within an hour
' ".

Help BC go Pesticide Free!

The Canadian Cancer Society
continues to lead BC's
health and environmental
groups' advocacy for a
province-wide ban.

See Coalition's Feb 3, 2012
ban statement.

Review ban legislation
given to BC's Environment
Minister in 2010.

Join the CCS's "Pesticide Free
BC" Facebook discussions.

Take action! to help BC
go pesticide free.
Pesticides go everywhere and persist long after the initial "kill". 

Pesticides do not stay where you, your neighbour or a "properly" trained and licenced Integrated Pest Management (IPM) applicator use them.

The ingredients in pesticides move into the air, water and soil.

Residue drifts through the air or percolates through our lawns and gardens into the soil.

Residue also runs off "hardened surfaces" (our driveways, patios and sidewalks) onto our streets and ultimately ends up in BC's water and soil resources.

See right sidebars . . .  "Pesticides go EVERYWHERE" and "All Insects Pesticide Target".
 
Surface and Groundwater Contamination
The Natural Water Cycle diagram illustrates below why pesticide residues are being found throughout BC . . . in the air, soil, vegetation, fish, wildlife and water resources, including our drinking water.

Atrazine is one of the most commonly used North American herbicides and was banned by the European Union in 2004 due to groundwater contamination.

Atrazine's contamination of North American drinking water has been known for years and is one of 30 pesticide ingredients that Ecojustice asked the federal Health Minister in 2012 to review and re-consider continued Health Canada approval.

In 2004, Alberta Environment reported that pesticide use was contaminating the provinces's treated drinking water:
"The frequency of pesticide detection in treated water supplies appears to be linked to pesticide use in the watershed."

Source: A Summary of Pesticide Residue Data from the Alberta Treated Water Survey, 1995 - 2003. p. 35.
This report used Alberta's Water Well Information Centre data and contributed to Alberta's January 1, 2010 ban of Weed N Feed products containing 2,4-D.

Ontario's Ministry of Environment monitored 10 urban streams and creeks pre and post Ontario's 2009 ban and found an impressive 80% drop in the three most commonly used and banned pesticide ingredients . . . 2, 4-D, Dicamba and Mecoprop (MCPP).

See right sidebars . . . "Atrazine Poisons the Well", "Ont 'Banned' Steams Safer", "Protect BC's Drinking Water" and "Protect Groundwater Label".


See left sidebars . . . "2,4-D Bans" and "2003 Roundup Ban".

When will pesticide residue be monitored in BC's water resources?

When will BC (and Canada) ban 2,4-D, atrazine, dicamba, glyphosate, MCPP and other harmful pesticide ingredients?

  

Water Cycle
Source: City of Auckland, New Zealand. April 2009 website.
 

Sustainable Healthy Soil

Healthy soil is essential to sustain healthy plants and animals . . . and healthy humans.
 
As illustrated below in The Soil Food Web diagram, soil is made up of "beneficial" living organisms and micro-organisms that produce nutrients for plants and animals.

Healthy soil is not sustainable with chemical pesticide use as the chemicals deplete the build-up of organic materials and can kill or harm many living organisms.

For how to make your soil safe for pollinators, see "Gardening for pollinators" brochure and "All Insects Pesticide Target" right sidebar.


 
             
Source: US Dept of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
from the Coalition for a Healthy Calgary website Dec 2009.

Wildlife and Pets at Risk

In addition to ubiquitously contaminating BC's soil, plants and water, pesticide residue harms living animals, especially bees, birds, fish, frogs, earthworms, insects and our beloved pets.
 
Animals do not stay in one area, cannot read pesticide application signs and are exposed to pesticide residue in many ways:
  • by direct contact as their skin absorbs residue from grasses or other plants.
  • by ingestion when licking their coats/skin and eating pesticide granules, pesticide-treated plants or other animals poisoned by pesticides.
  • by breathing pesticide particles in the air or drinking pesticide residue in water.  
BC's Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) knows of the risk of pesticide exposure for our pets and is a member of the health and environment coalition calling for a BC ban on the sale and use of cosmetic pesticides.

See left sidebar "Your Pets are at Risk".
 
Hormonal/Endocrine Changes in Animals
Pesticide exposure is causing hormonal, endocrine changes in many animals.

The hormonal impact of pesticides has been confirmed in these disturbing trends:
  • Feminization of male fish, birds and mammals.
  • Decreased fertility in birds, fish, shellfish and mammals.
  • Birth deformities in birds, fish and turtles. 
For more info, see the Georgia Strait Alliance, the Silent Spring Institute and Our Stolen Future.
 
Aquatic Life at Risk. . . including BC's Salmon
BC's prized salmon are at risk because pesticide residues are throughout BC's water resources.

Since the late 1990s, pesticides have been identified as a possible contributing cause for declining Pacific Northwest salmon stock.

See right sidebar "Salmon at Risk".

Pesticide residues are known to effect salmon’s sense of smell which is critical to their spawning lifecycle as reported in RoundUp effects on coho salmon 2006 study and  BC’s Nicomekl River 2008 study. 
 
BC’s first Pesticide Free community cautions residents about the negative effect pesticide runoff has on acquatic life (Port Moody 2003).

Scientific studies continue to show the widespread effects pesticide ingredients have on animals and the environment. Some are highlighted below. . .
  • Honey Bees
    The world's most widely used neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid is used for insect control and crop "protection". The insecticide affects the central nervous system of insects, causing paralysis and death.

    Imidacloprid was banned in France (2000) and Germany(2008) because of known massive bee kills and is thought by many to be a major cause of the world-wide rapid decline of honey bees (aka colony collapse disease).

    In addition to killing bees, when imidacloprid is used, birds, worms and aquatic life are known to be at risk. See Paul Tukey's "Imidacloprid What You Must Know Now" Sept 17, 2009 blog.

    In January 2013, three common neonicotinoids (clothianidan, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam) were found to pose an "unacceptable" danger to bees by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).

    The EFSA's study recommended that the only acceptable use of these insecticides is "on crops not attractive to honey bees".

    In April 2013, the European Union announced a 2 year neonicotinoid ban to see if bee populations will improve when not exposed to neonicotinoids . . . similar action has not happened in Canada or the United States.

    See "Insecticide Danger for Bees" right sidebar.

  • Amphibians
    The 2011 article "Amphibians Are Not Ready for Roundup" is a fascinating read of world-wide research on the effects of glyphosate on amphibians.

    The article covers glyphosate studies since the 1990s, Monsanto's reactions and concludes that scientists have a "more precise understanding of which concentrations and conditions pose a serious risk".

    See "Amphibians/Risky RoundUp" left sidebar.

  • Frogs
    In addition to known effects of glyphosate on amphibians, atrazine is known to demasculinize frogs, thanks to Tyrone Hayes' work first published in 2002.

    Reported in Discover Magazine February 1, 2003, Hayes found that, in male frogs, glyphosate "switches on a gene that makes aromatase, an enzyme that turns testosterone to estrogen. Some frogs eventually grow ovaries, eggs and yolk". 

    In January 2013, a study on the effects of 7 popular European pesticides found that frogs were killed within an hour!

    As reported in The Guardian, these study results are "suggesting the chemicals are playing a significant and previously unknown role in the catastrophic decline of amphibians".

    See "Frog Decline from Pesticides" left sidebar.

    Also see BC's Society Promoting Environmental Conservation (SPEC) for more on how pesticides affect bees, birds, amphibians and fish.

For more info on . . .

  • For lower risk products and sustainable land care practices, click here.

  • Why BC needs a strong "no IPM" ban (like Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec) and why this won't happen under the BC Liberals, click here
Last Updated on Wednesday, 11 September 2013 13:49
 

Pesticides go EVERYWHERE

"A pesticide can be long lived.

It often spreads
from where
it is applied and
can easily
move through
the air, land and water
to our
lakes, streams and ocean.

Although an individual
lawn or garden
may seem quite small,
the cumulative effect
of pesticide use
on many
lawns and gardens
can have a
significant impact
on a neighborhood
and our environment."

City of Victoria
Pesticide Reduction website.

All Insects Pesticide Target

"Pesticide use
kills
beneficial insects
as well as
targetted insects."

Gardening for pollinators
brochure.

Thompson Shuswap
Master Gardeners
Association.

Atrazine Poisons the Well

Atrazine
is the seond-most
heavily used pesticide
in North America,
following glyphosate.

The herbicide
does not
break down quickly
and is the
most commonly found
pesticide in ground
and surface water.

Banned in the EU,
clearly linked
as harmful to wildlife
and potentially to humans,
atrazine provides
little benefit
to offset its risks.

As the pesticide
has limited usefulness
and safer methods
can be used
with similar results,
in 2009, the US's NRDC
recommended
phasing out atrazine.

Stop Poisoning the Well:
Atrazine Continues
to Contaminate
Surface and Drinking Water
in the United States
.

American Natural Resources
Defense Council (NRDC) April 2010.

See also the NRDC's website.

Ont "Banned" Streams Safer

The Ontario
Ministry of Environment's
2010 study on 
lawn pesticides
in urban streams and creeks
found an impressive
80% decrease
in three of the
most commonly used
lawn pesticides 
(2, 4-D, Dicamba and MCPP)
after the Province's
2009 ban.

Glyphosate concentrations
did not change
due to availability and use.

For study info, click here.

Protect BC's Drinking Water

"Pesticides can pollute
soil and groundwater,
and
can be carried into
surface water by run-off.

Not only does
this risk
injury and death to
non-target organisms,
such as fish, birds,
and
beneficial insects,
but
it risks
contaminating
our drinking water
with
harmful chemicals."

Team Watersmart
Regional District of Nanaimo.

Scroll down for
Alternatives to Pesticides brochure.

Protect Groundwater Label

"The label even warns
how to
“minimize possible
contamination
of groundwater”,
which requires
the pesticide user
to be aware
of whether their soils
are
permeable or not,
and
the depth
to their water table –
information that
many residential owners
are unlikely to have".

"A Ban on cosmetic pesticides
is scientific and smart"
West Coast
Envrionmental Law
October 5, 2011 Blog.

Salmon at Risk

 "In contrast
to dramatic fish kills,
the effects of
sublethal concentrations
of pesticides
are more subtle
and go largely
unseen and unregulated.
 
Sublethal concentrations
of pesticides
do not cause
immediate death,
but can interfere with
the biology
of the organism
in other ways
and can ultimately
impact the survival
of the species . . .
From the evidence
available at present,
there is a
plausible basis
for considering pesticides
to be one
of the causes
of declining
salmon populations
in the Pacific Northwest."

Diminishing Returns: Salmon Decline and Pesticides.

Oregon Pesticide Education
Network (OPEN) Publication.
Feb 1999. Pages 4-5. 

Insecticide Danger for Bees

In January 2013, the
European Food Safety
Authority (EFSA)
released a study
that concluded that, for
neonicotinoid insecticides,
" 'only uses on crops
not attractive to honeybees
were considered acceptable'
because of exposure
through nectar and pollen".

"Insecticide 'unacceptable' danger to bees, report finds".
The Guardian Jan 16 2013.

This study led to
the European Union's
2 year neonicotinoid ban
in April 2013.